Anatomy of a right of a way
A transmission right of way is an integral part of a transmission system, which includes the high-voltage lines, towers, substations and other equipment and facilities that carry electric power. In simple terms, the right of way is the strip of land immediately below and adjacent to a transmission line.
The width of a right of way varies by the type of line – higher voltage lines typically have wider rights of way. Most rights of way on the TVA system are 75 to 200 feet wide, accommodating lines that can carry less than 26,000 volts up to 500,000 volts.
Easements are agreements between transmission line owners and private property owners about their rights and responsibilities within a right of way.
Under an easement, property owners have a responsibility not to put, allow, build or grow things in the right of way that could impede access to the lines or structures for maintenance or repairs, that might get close enough to the lines to short them out, or that might present a safety hazard. This includes equipment and buildings and certain kinds of thick, woody or high-growing trees and shrubs.
More about how TVA manages vegetation for safe, reliable power