tva logoTennessee Valley Authority

Energy Vision 2020

Integrated Resource Plan/Environmental Impact Statement

In December, 1995, TVA completed an Integrated Resource Plan identifying and selecting a long-range strategy enabling TVA to meet the electricity needs of its customers from 1996 to 2020. TVA prepared an environmental impact statement on the portfolio of energy resource options that best met TVA’s evaluation criteria of costs, rates, environmental impacts, debt, and economic development while meeting customer energy needs.  The plan was designed to be flexible to protect TVA and its customers from the uncertainty that the electric utility industry and TVA would face in the future. 

The adopted plan relied heavily on the continued use of existing TVA generating plants. Additional needs were to be met by a combination of short-term and long-term actions including a variety of demand-side management and beneficial electrification options as well as new generation (supply-side) options.

Energy Vision 2020 was published in three volumes and a separate executive summary. These documents are available below.


PDF files require Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Executive Summary (PDF, 2.4 mb) 

Volume 1

Front Matter – Cover, Title Page, Summary, Table of Contents (PDF, 534 kb)

Chapter 1 – Overview and Objectives (PDF, 311 kb)

Chapter 2 – Integrated Resource Planning (PDF, 127 kb)

Chapter 3 – Affected Environment (PDF, 2.0 mb)

Chapter 4 – Existing Power System (PDF, 663 kb)

Chapter 5 – Evaluation Criteria (PDF, 416 kb)

Chapter 6 – Load Forecast and Need For Power (PDF, 273 kb)

Chapter 7 – Supply-Side Options (PDF, 274 kb)

Chapter 8 – Customer Service Options (PDF, 530 kb)

Chapter 9 – Resource Integration/Alternative Strategy Comparisons (PDF, 293 kb)

Chapter 10 – Short-Term Action Plan (PDF, 236 kb)

Glossary and Index (PDF, 155 kb)

Volume 2 – Technical Documents

Front Matter – Cover, Title Page, Table of Contents (PDF, 451 kb)

Technical Document 1 - Comprehensive Affected Environment

Part 1 – Contents, Overview, Socioeconomic Environment (PDF, 3.2 mb)

Part 2 – Air Resources

A. – Introduction, Weather and Climate Patterns, Weather Patterns and Air Pollutants first part – Sulfur Dioxide (PDF, 8.4 mb)

B. – Air Pollutants second part – Nitrogen Dioxide through Tropospheric Ozone (PDF, 5.5 mb)

C. – Air Pollutants third part – Acid Deposition through Global Climate Change (PDF, 7.2 mb)

D. - Cooperative Research and Assessment Programs, Present Impacts, Air Indices and Rationale For Weightings (PDF, 235 kb)

Part 3 – Water Resources (PDF, 1.0 mb)

Part 4 – Land Resources (PDF, 5.0 mb)

Part 5 – Appendices (Threatened and Endangered Species, Natural Areas), References, Glossary, Index (PDF, 181 kb)

Technical Document 2 – Environmental Consequences (PDF, 302 kb)

Technical Document 3 – Existing Power System (PDF, 89 kb)

Technical Document 4 – Evaluation Criteria (PDF, 117 kb)

Technical Document 5 – Load Forecast (PDF, 268 kb)

Technical Document 6 – Supply-Side Options (PDF, 247 kb)

Technical Document 7 – Customer Service Options (PDF, 488 kb)

Technical Document 8 – Resource Integration (PDF, 387 kb)

Technical Document 9 – List of Preparers (PDF, 70 kb)

Volume 3

Responses to Public Comments (PDF, 1.3 mb)


Record of Decision, issued February 28, 1996 (PDF, 33 kb)